78thUnited NationsThe United Nations General Assembly is here. Compared with recent years, there is not a single obvious crisis on the agenda of this year’s General Assembly, such as the COVID-19 pandemic and the Russia-Ukraine war. This year as the United Nations General Assembly is being held, the Russia-Ukraine war is still ongoing, new political crises are emerging in West Africa and Latin America, the consequences of the pandemic are rippled, the economy is in turmoil, inequality The situation between the rich and the poor is getting worse, and natural disasters such as earthquakes, floods and forest fires are occurring.
Why schedule an annual meeting?
The operation of multilateralism emerged after World War II and was established with the aim of maintaining peace forever. This week’s General Assembly will provide an opportunity to draw greater attention to countries that are generally ignored at the international level. The UN General Assembly also provides a neutral forum for heads of state to hold summits.
At least 145 heads of state will come on stage to speak. President Biden, Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky,brazilPresident Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva will deliver a speech on the opening day of the conference. This year’s conference will be the first time Zelensky has attended the UN General Assembly in person since the Russia-Ukraine war broke out in 2022. Last year, he gave a speech in a pre-recorded video.
However, the heads of state of France, United Kingdom, China and Russia among the permanent members of the Security Council will be absent from this session of the UN General Assembly.
This year Brazil is in first place
The President of Brazil is the first person to take the stage at the United Nations General Assembly and speak in the general debate. This tradition began with the first session of the General Assembly held in London on January 10, 1946. As per usual practice, Brazil reserves the right to speak first at each subsequent conference. As a host country, the United States usually comes second to speak, but last year Biden delivered his speech later because he attended the funeral of Queen Elizabeth II.
The order in which other countries come to the stage to speak is determined by whether the speaker is a head of state or a minister or other official representing the speaker.
A new schedule for the general debate
The normal debate period lasts six days, but this year it will end a day late, on September 26. In previous years, the General Debate was held from Tuesday to the following Monday, with only Sunday off during the weekend, but this year it will be off on both Saturday and Sunday.
A UN spokesperson confirmed that since September 25 is the Jewish “Yom Kippur” (Yom Kippur), no speeches would be scheduled for the conference on that day.