Some healthy people in their 70s can walk quickly, have clear thoughts and are full of energy, but some people need help to walk and cannot live a vigorous life. Aging is a necessary process of life, but physical and mental decline occur at different rates in the elderly. To detect signs of functional decline in the elderly as early as possible, the National Health Service of Taiwan’s Ministry of Health and Welfare has launched. “Six Strengths for the Elderly” service to assess six indicators including cognition and behavior. Early intervention can prevent and delay disability. The latest data showed that among 192,000 elderly people, the rate of abnormal vision and hearing is high.
The World Health Organization (WHO) has presented a scientific theory to explain that the key to preventing the decline in body functions lies in maintaining six intrinsic abilities: “cognition, movement, nutrition, vision, hearing and depression ( Emotion)”. The National Health Service of the Ministry of Health and Welfare launched the “Six Strengths for the Elderly” service to prevent and delay disability through early assessment by medical personnel, health education and intervention in activities such as exercise, nutritious diet and social interaction. .
Wu Jianyuan, leader of the chronic disease prevention and treatment group of the National Health Service, said that as of the end of August this year, the results of medical staff assisting the elderly over 65 years old showed that they served nearly 192,000 elderly people. Is of. , of which about 17.4% were related to vision and hearing. The abnormality rate is relatively high, accounting for about 8.7%.
Wu Jianyuan said that as people age, their vision and hearing will naturally decline. For example, they may have difficulty seeing far, near, or reading, and they may not be able to hear clearly when talking to others. This especially happens with the elderly and should not be ignored, as healthy vision helps the elderly to detect people, objects and things in the surrounding environment, and reduces the risk of falls for the elderly. Is; Healthy hearing helps people communicate normally, prevents feelings of inferiority or loneliness, and reduces the risk of social isolation, while the risk of falls for the elderly Social isolation and social isolation are both rapidly increasing forms of disability. There are risk factors for.
Wu Jianyuan said that vision and hearing can be improved through assistive devices or environmental improvements, such as wearing reading glasses, increasing ambient light and color contrast; When talking to family and friends, they may slow down their speech speed and speak every word clearly. Elderly people who have difficulty hearing should not give up communication because of communication difficulties. Too,high blood pressure,diabetesPeople at high risk of vision loss are advised to have regular eye exams.
Wu Zhaojun, director of the National Health Service, said that in order to make the public understand the importance of the six forces and integrate the six forces into life, the National Health Service launched the “Liuliu Power Line APP”, which integrates health and health-related information. Does. Service centres, and through regular dissemination, elders, family members and primary caregivers can assess themselves at home after joining, and click on “Health Information” for self-health management, or You can click on “Resource Map” to check the service bases. Actively participates in functional assessment and community courses (activities) and currently has about 150,000 Line friends.
“Six Strengths of the National Health Service for the Elderly”LineFor the official account, you can search “@hpaicope” via LINE ID or scan the QR code below to join as friends. Link URL for operation video and health education information is as follows:
Join elders in taking measures to maintain good health: https://health99.hpa.gov.tw/material/7518
Six-power measuring LINE@ operation teaching for the elderly: https://health99.hpa.gov.tw/material/7519
Health information on the six core capabilities: https://health99.hpa.gov.tw/theme/content/1163