In recent years, there has been a trend of “detachment”, which emphasizes a simple life without desires. However, suffering from “hoarding disorder” is still common in the community. The house is full of things, messy, difficult to move, and quality of life next to nothing. If other people discard items, they will also become angry. Practicing psychiatrist Yang Congcai said that hoarding disorder, also known as hoarding disorder, hoarding syndrome or hoarding disorder, is a mental health disorder classified as “obsessive-compulsive disorder and related disorders” and This requires medication and cognitive behavioral therapy. improve slowly.
Yang Kangkai said that cases of hoarding disorder are often accompanied by emotional disorders, such as generalized anxiety disorder or separation anxiety disorder, and women are three times more likely to suffer from it than men.
Clinically, it has also been found that hoarding is more common in people over the age of 55, and the incidence of hoarding in middle-aged and elderly people is three times higher than that of young adults. Middle-aged and elderly patients with hoarding disorder have complex causes, including mental illness, obsessive-compulsive disorder.DepressionBipolar disorder, dementia, Parkinson’s disease or poor physical health, etc., can all trigger hoarding behavior.
Yang Kangkai pointed out that the most common feature of hoarding disorder cases is the persistent hoarding of items from home to public places, which affects the family’s living space and also harms the home environment and public health. Some patients collect certain things unnecessarily, collecting 10 pieces of the same thing. After purchasing it, they pile it in the corner without opening it, making the living space extremely cluttered and unusable. The main symptoms can be divided into the following 6 categories:
1. Constant hoarding of objects: The patient cannot stop collecting, buying or keeping various objects, even if these objects have no real value.
2. Refusal to dispose of objects: The patient has difficulty discarding or throwing away objects, even if they are damaged, expired, or have no practical use.
3. Excessive clutter in the living space: The home or workplace environment becomes extremely cluttered due to accumulation of things.
4. Impaired social and occupational functioning: Hoarding affects the patient’s social life and occupational functioning, which may lead to isolation, unemployment, or other social problems.
5. Emotional distress: Patients often experience anxiety, depression, embarrassment, or other negative emotions due to hoarding and chaotic environments.
6. Health Risks: Hoarding can lead to health and safety risks, such as accumulation of items that could cause fire, breeding pests or other hazards.
Regarding the treatment of hoarding disorder, Yang Kangkai said that hoarding disorder is related to functional disorders such as the prefrontal lobe or cingulate cortex of the brain, which involve the operational areas of the brain and essentially involve them in the repetitive behavior of “hoarding”. Inspire to engage. Medications need to be used to adjust serum levels to stabilize the functioning of the brain system. Cognitive behavioral therapy is also needed to resolve anxiety, to relieve stress and to reduce the frequency of hoarding.
Some people with hoarding disorder suffer from poor cognitive function! When cognitive function deteriorates, resulting in impaired ability to summarize, organize, and solve problems, family members should take this time to help take stock of what may be left. , and gradually clear the accumulated items step by step. behaviour.