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Federal Judge Blocks Indiana’s Ban on Transition Medical Care for Transgender Youth

A federal judge in Indiana has issued a preliminary injunction that largely prevents the state’s ban on transition medical care for transgender youth from taking effect on July 1. This ruling represents another victory for transgender rights advocates in a series of legal battles across the country.

The injunction allows transgender children in Indiana to continue receiving hormone treatments and puberty blockers while a lawsuit challenging the ban progresses. However, gender-transition surgeries for minors remain prohibited in the state.

The Indiana ban, passed by the Republican-controlled legislature and signed into law by Governor Eric Holcomb, sparked lawsuits from families of transgender children who argued that the ban would subject their children to immediate harm and lifelong consequences. They emphasized that major medical organizations, including the American Academy of Pediatrics, support gender-transition care and have warned against the mental health risks posed by such bans.

The law was criticized as an infringement on parental rights and an interference with medical decisions. Kenneth J. Falk, the legal director for the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) of Indiana, argued that the state was attempting to interfere with parental decisions and violate parental rights.

Background: Transgender-rights supporters have lost in capitols but won in courts.
At least 17 states have passed laws this year banning or severely limiting transition care for minors as Republicans have made restrictions on transgender people a legislative focus.

Still, supporters of transgender rights have had success countering those laws in the courts.

Judge Hanlon, who heard arguments on the injunction on Wednesday in a wood-paneled courtroom in downtown Indianapolis, was appointed to the Federal District Court by President Donald J. Trump.

Also Read : Deadlock in Iowa Court Halts Six-Week Abortion Ban.

Federal judges have also blocked or mostly blocked enforcement of transition-care bans passed in prior years in Alabama and Arkansas. In Oklahoma, the state attorney general’s office agreed not to enforce a newly passed ban on transition care until a judge could rule on an injunction request. And in Florida, a judge said this month that the state could not prevent a handful of children whose families sued from continuing their transition treatments.

Like in other states, supporters of the Indiana law said there was not enough evidence to support hormone treatments and puberty blockers for transgender children. They claimed they were seeking to protect young people from making life-altering decisions that they may later regret.

“What the Indiana General Assembly has decided to do is say, ‘We don’t want our children to be part of this grand experiment,'” Thomas M. Fisher, the Indiana solicitor general, told Judge Hanlon.

What’s Next: A trial in Indiana, and more rulings elsewhere.
Judge Hanlon’s ruling is not final: It merely blocks the Indiana law from being enforced until a bench trial can be held on the merits of the lawsuit.

Officials in the Indiana attorney general’s office did not directly say whether they planned to appeal the injunction, but issued a statement saying that the judge’s decision was “not the end of the story” and that the office “will continue to defend the democratically passed laws” of the state.

Lawyers for the plaintiffs said they were pleased with the ruling and were not done fighting the restrictions.

“Our work in Indiana and around the country is far from over — including with this law,” said Chase Strangio, deputy director for transgender justice with the ACLU, who is among the lawyers representing the Indiana plaintiffs.

As the Indiana case progresses, federal and state court judges in other parts of the country are considering similar lawsuits. At least 10 such legal challenges had been filed as of mid-June, with more expected to follow.


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