Mooncakes are often the first choice for both gift giving and personal use during the Mid-Autumn Festival. However, mooncakes are generally high in oil and calories, and contain high amounts of phosphorus, sodium, and potassium. In addition to the general public being careful not to eat too much, patients with kidney disease who have kidney failure or require dialysis should also pay attention to the amount they eat.
Taiwan has been known as the kingdom of kidney dialysis for many years. In 2022 alone, 450,000 people in Taiwan will suffer from early-stage chronic kidney disease. To prevent people from getting sickhigh blood pressureFor kidney diseases, the National Health Service of the Ministry of Health and Welfare recommends that the daily sodium intake of normal adults should not exceed 2,400 mg, and for patients with kidney disease, the daily sodium intake should be about 1,200 to 2,000 mg. Needed
Chen Yucheng, an attending physician at the Department of Nephrology of Xintai Hospital, wrote that common Mid-Autumn Festival cakes such as egg yolk cake, plum paste mooncake, taro cake, mung cake, pineapple cake, etc. often contain excessive amounts of phosphorus. . , sodium, and potassium. For example, regular Egg Yolk Crisps contain 461 calories, 196 mg sodium, 327 mg potassium and 354 mg phosphorus per 100 grams. You may unknowingly consume too much phosphorus, sodium and potassium.
The average person usually consumes about 1,000 to 2,000 mg of phosphorus every day, but the daily phosphorus intake of kidney dialysis patients, Chen Yucheng recommended in an article, should not exceed 1,000 mg per day.
In this regard, Wang Jili, director of Baiyan Hemodialysis Center, said that moon cakes and other cakes have the problem of excess phosphorus, sodium and potassium ions. Pay attention to phosphorus intake, but only patients with moderate to severe kidney disease need to pay more attention to potassium intake. Because patients with kidney disease have poor phosphorus excretion function, high blood phosphorus will accumulate toxicity, risk kidney bone lesions, and increase the risk of vascular calcification and cardiovascular disease.
Wang Jelli pointed out that kidney patients should also pay attention to every gram of food.protein“Phosphorus (mg)/protein ratio (g)” of phosphorus content, implement a low-phosphorus diet and avoid foods with a phosphorus-to-protein ratio greater than 15, such as whole grains (barley, brown rice, yellow corn ), lotus root powder) and processed foods such as crab sticks,EggFoods like tofu, ham and nuts.
However, Wang Geli also said that although moon cakes and other pastries are also processed foods, which are high in calories and low in nutrients, if they are harmful to their psychology and quality of life, the general public and those with mild to moderate kidney disease Patients with the disease should consider eating one or two during the holidays. Mooncakes are actually no big deal.