Director Zhou Kunda, president of the Taiwan Sleep Medicine Society and CEO of the Sleep Medicine Center of Taipei Veterans General Hospital, said that long-terminsomniaThis will affect concentration and alertness, mood and work performance during the day and will also increase obesity.heart disease, risk of diabetes and depression. People are urged to seek help from sleep experts if they are troubled by insomnia for treatment based on their individual circumstances. Existing treatments include medication, cognitive behavioral therapy, and sleep hygiene, all of which can help improve sleep quality.
The human sleep system is based on sunrise and sunset. Life routines including sleep will be affected by external stimuli and light. Modern people’s life and work pressures are increasing, they eat more and exercise less, and there are more external sound and light stimuli. As a result, problems with sleep disorders are becoming more and more common. Furthermore, modern people are living longer and suffering from more chronic diseases. Related symptoms, such as pain, will affect the quality and quantity of sleep.
American scholar Spielman et al proposed the causes of insomnia in 1991: insomnia patients themselves have some pre-factors that easily cause insomnia (for example, prone to stress and anxiety), and “triggers” Such as those caused by life stress or physical illness. insomnia. When insomnia symptoms persist for a period of time, and some “maintenance factors” are added, such as: I am worried about not being able to sleep when I lie down in bed, and visions of unexpected things during the day are vivid. It appears that I feel like it, so I pick up my mobile phone again…. Such a vicious cycle leads to the problem of chronic insomnia.
Improving sleep hygiene habits, including lying in bed only when you want to sleep, leaving bed if you can’t fall asleep after lying down, using low 3C products before going to bed, and Keeping the bedroom dark and airy can all help induce sleepiness.
Learn to relax and let go, and don’t put too much pressure on yourself.
Sleeping pills may be considered to treat short-term insomnia, but side effects include daytime drowsiness, cognitive function impairment, etc.; Long-term use of sleeping pills, especially benzodiazepines with long half-lives, may also increase the risk of dementia. Additionally, patients with apnea who take benzodiazepine sleeping pills are at risk for increased respiratory failure; Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease who take benzodiazepine sleeping pills have also been reported to have an increased risk of respiratory failure. Therefore, for the above mentioned high-risk patients, greater caution should be exercised when using sleep aids. There are some new sleeping pills currently on the market with a low risk of respiratory depression, providing a safe option for high-risk patients.
Many people are concerned about addiction to sleeping pills. However, are the various products available on the market, such as melatonin, really effective? Chairman Zhou Kunda said: “Melatonin” is a special hormone secreted by the pineal gland in the brain. When the lights are off and it gets dark, the amount of secretion increases, which can regulate the day and night cycle of the human body. Melatonin products are classified as medicines, so you should also pay attention to safety when buying melatonin abroad.
“Melatonin receptor agonists” are synthetic drugs that act on melatonin receptors to regulate the sleep-wake cycle and promote sleep. Clinical studies have proven that it can improve insomnia and is more effective than melatonin and milder than traditional sedatives and sleeping pills in the past. There is no risk of obstruction of breathing, and it is more suitable for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and sleep apnea. Since this drug is metabolized by the liver, use caution in patients with hepatic impairment.
A 68-year-old boss was having difficulty sleeping and had to take sleeping pills as a last resort. However, he began to feel sleepy during the day, which seriously affected his work and meetings. “I can’t sleep without eating, and I feel sad after eating.” Additionally, she also has comorbidities such as apnea and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The patient is also very concerned about the risks of taking the medication and is struggling internally. After medical discussion, he started taking melatonin receptor agonists and was finally able to sleep peacefully. He was also very satisfied with the effect of the medicine.
Doctors insist that insomnia is a complex and painful disease. The first priority in drug selection is safety, minimizing harms, and maximizing benefits. If people are troubled by insomnia, they can seek help from a sleep specialist to find the most appropriate treatment for their individual circumstances. Besides, three feet of snow doesn’t last a day. Treatment of insomnia cannot depend only on medicines. Maintaining sleep hygiene and improving the environment and sleep habits are equally important for a good night’s sleep.
Source: Health Medical Network
More health information: Health Medicine Network
Health(TagstoTranslate)Insomnia(T)Health Insurance(T)Heart Disease